by McCoy K



Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including:
  • Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into adrenal glands
  • Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
Pituitary Gland
Pituitary Gland Male
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.


Apoplexy may be caused by:
  • Tumor growth
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Blood clot
  • Acute illness
  • Drastic changes in blood volume or blood pressure
  • Blood clotting disorders

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your chances of apoplexy include:
  • Hormonal insufficiency
  • Previous surgery
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Injury
  • Severe blood loss during childbirth—Sheehan's syndrome


Symptoms may include:
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Bluish skin color
  • Fever
  • Loss of vision
  • Double vision
  • Confusion
  • Pain
  • Fatigue


You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
Imaging tests assess bodily structures. These may include:


Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. After you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include:
  • Medications—to correct hormonal imbalances
  • Surgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause


There are no current guidelines to prevent apoplexy.


Hormone Health Network—Endocrine Society
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


Canadian Institute for Health Information
Canadian Institutes of Health Research


Pituitary apoplexy . UCLA Health System website. Available at: Accessed October 8, 2013.

Revision Information

Health Library Search

Only show results from the selected categories.

7 Progress in Stroke Prevention lifestyle - men's health

Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the US. But, there are things you can do to lower your risk of having a stroke. Here is what you need to know....

8 Conditions InDepth: Stroke condition indepth
10 Resource Guide for Stroke condition indepth
11 Treatments for Stroke condition indepth
13 Symptoms of Stroke condition indepth
14 Screening for Stroke condition indepth
15 Risk Factors for Stroke condition indepth
16 Reducing Your Risk of Stroke condition indepth
17 Other Treatments for Stroke condition indepth
19 Diagnosis of Stroke condition indepth
20 Medications for Stroke condition indepth