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Symptoms of Depression
can be devastating to family relationships, friendships, and the ability to work or go to school. Symptoms of depression vary a great deal from person to person. Some people have only a few symptoms, while others have many.
Symptoms can change over time and may include:
- Persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness (less common in elderly adults, children, and adolescents)
- Feeling guilty, worthless, or helpless
Restlessness, worrying, or
- Irritability or mood changes
- Trouble sleeping, waking up too early, or oversleeping
- Loss of interest in hobbies, activities, and social interaction
- Feeling tired and generalized complaints, such as stomach ache, musculoskeletal complaints, and chronic pain
- Inability to relax
- Trouble concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
- Eating more or less than usual
- Weight gain or weight loss
- Loss of interest in sex
- Physical symptoms that defy standard diagnosis and do not respond well to medical treatments
- Thoughts of death or suicide (with or without suicide attempts)
Depression often coexists with other conditions, such as delivering a baby
or chronic disease. The stress of coping with the disease may cause depression. Or depression may be caused by the disease itself or by medications used to treat the disease. Disorders commonly associated with depression include:
DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association website. Available at:
http://www.psychiatry.org/dsm5. Accessed September 30, 2015.
Depression in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated May 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Depression in elderly patients. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated May 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Major depressive disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated March 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at:
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml. Accessed September 30, 2015.