by Carson-DeWitt R

Conditions InDepth: Osteoarthritis

Articular cartilage is the tissue located at the end of bones. It can deteriorate over time. This causes a common condition called osteoarthritis. It can become worse over time. In many people, osteoarthritis can be debilitating.
Normally, cartilage is the shock absorber in a joint. It absorbs energy from jarring movement, protecting the bone and other tissue in the area. Cartilage is naturally a very slippery material. It helps the joint glide smoothly. When the cartilage begins to show wear and tear, the lining of the joint becomes inflamed and painful. This makes the joint stiff.
Joints Affected by Osteoarthritis
IMAGE
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Osteoarthritis is an extremely common ailment of aging. In fact, it’s the most common joint condition throughout the world. There are about 27 million people with osteoarthritis in the US alone.
What are the risk factors for osteoarthritis?What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?What are the treatments for osteoarthritis?Are there screening tests for osteoarthritis?How can I reduce my risk of osteoarthritis?What questions should I ask my doctor?What is it like to live with osteoarthritis?Where can I get more information about osteoarthritis?

References

Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.arthritis.org/conditions-treatments/disease-center/osteoarthritis . Accessed July 23, 2013.

Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Osteoarthritis/default.asp . Updated July 2010. Accessed July 23, 2013.

Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician . 2012;85(1):49-56.

Revision Information

Health Library Search

Only show results from the selected categories.











Discs lie between the spinal bones (vertebra). They serve as shock absorbers. This protects the spine and helps it stay flexible. Degenerative disc disease is wear and te...

7 Symptoms of Osteoarthritis condition indepth
17 Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis condition indepth
18 Osteoarthritis condition

Osteoarthritis is the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. This is followed by chronic inflammation of the joint lining. Healthy cartilage is a cushion between the bones...